CAROLINGIAN BIBLE, TOBIT, IN LATIN,

Lot Number 29
Author
Title CAROLINGIAN BIBLE, TOBIT, IN LATIN,
Year Published
Place Printed SOUTHERN GERMANY (MOST PROBABLY LORSCH),
Printed By
Description DECORATED MANUSCRIPT ON VELLUM [SOUTHERN GERMANY (MOST PROBABLY LORSCH), C.800] a single leaf, 410mm. by 285mm., double column, 45 lines in dark brown ink in a rounded Carolingian minuscule, skilfully executed ornamental initials, remnants of red chapter numbers on stubs from other leaf of bifolium, title "TOBIAE" in ornamental capitals at top of verso, tape from old mounting at head of verso, some discolouration, folds and slightly trimmed at edges from reuse in binding, hessian binding
Comments Provenance (1) The imperial abbey of Lorsch in Hesse, founded in 764 by the Frankish count, Cancor, and his mother Williswinda. They gave the abbacy to Cancor's nephew Chrodegang (later archbishop of Metz and author of the Rule for clergy which bears his name). Chrodegang obtained the body of the early Roman saint, Nazarius, from Pope Paul I (d.767), and the main church at Lorsch was reconsecrated in favour of the saint in 774 in the presence of Charlemagne. The library of the community was rich in both classical and Christian texts (note the catalogues edited by Becker, Catalogi Bibliothecarum Antiqui, 1885-87, pp.82-125, which descend from a catalogue compiled c.830 under Abbot Adelung; and cf. McKitterick, The Carolingians and the Written Word, 1989, pp.185-191, and Bischoff, Die Abtei Lorsch), and included such lavish volumes as the celebrated Lorsch Gospels (Vatican, Pal.lat.50, and Romania, Alba Iulia, Biblioteca Documenta Batthyaneum). Lorsch was destroyed during the 30 Years' War, and a large part of the library ended up in the Palatine collection in the Vatican. (2) Hauswedell, Hamburg, cat.212 (1976), no.491; to Bernard Rosenthal; Quaritch, Bookhands V, cat.1147 (1991), no.1; Schøyen MS 617. text A handful of centres other than Tours also responded to Charlemagne's call for corrected biblical books. The present leaf was identified by Bernhard Bischoff as the last surviving remnant of a volume with the books of Solomon, Job, Tobit, Judith, Ezra and other Old Testament texts "in uno codice", once in the library there. Rosamund McKitterick observes that in view of its large format, it may have been part of an otherwise unrecorded Lorsch pandect. As she notes, this leaf is our earliest evidence for bible production in this important imperial scriptorium. The text here includes Tobit, 2:13-4:19. literature B. Bischoff, Die Abtei Lorsch im Spiegel ihrer Handschriften, 1989, pp.31 and 104-05; R. McKitterick, 'Carolingian Book Production: Some Problems', The Library, 6th series, 12 (1990), p.31.
References
Provenance
Estimated Price GBP 50,000.00 - 70,000.00
( USD 84,000.00 - 117,600.00 )
Actual Price GBP 93,650.00 ( USD 144,221.00 )

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AUCTION DETAILS

Auction House Sothebys
Website http://www.sothebys.com/
Auction Name The History of Script: Sixty Important Manuscript Leaves from the Schøyen Collection
Sale Number #L12242
Auction Date July 10, 2012 - July 10, 2012
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